South African Land Policy: The Legacy of History and Current Options.

The highly dualistic farm structure in South Africa and the low productivity of native African farmers have been the result of systematic distortions in land allocation, output markets and the provision of infrastructure. This dualistic structure did not emerge because of genuine economies of scale in the large commercial sector. Other countries in Latin and Africa that once supported a dualistic farm structure have either implemented large-scale land reforms or have experienced decades of peasants revolt and civil war. This paper compares these international experience in South Africa and outlines judicial and market-assisted approaches to South African land reform.

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