This manual outlines the electoral system for local government in South Africa. It deals with the right to vote, the different categories of municipalities, ward and PR councillors, how to field candidates, by-elections, conduct during elections as well as the calculation of results. It is a detailed manual, designed to assist civil society organisations, the media and electoral officers.
The FFC is government's primary advisor on intergovernmental fiscal relations. This 20-year review assesses (1) the relationships between the FFC and the various component parts of the South African multilevel government system (2) the FFC's impact on decision making and (3) the FFC's governance and administrative performance.
A compilation of chapters on local government in Zimbabwe, addressing matters such as institutions, elections, finance, traditional leadership, powers and supervision.
Ward committees are posited as the focal point for community participation in municipalities. There are many questions, however, about how effective they are; whether they are useful conduits for community involvement in governance; whether, as ‘created spaces’ for public participation, they are inherently capable of playing that role; and whether they create opportunities for real power-sharing between municipalities and citizens. This research report offers contains in-depth qualitative studies of six ward committees. It provides insight into how ward committees are functioning and the key reasons behind the some of the problems many appear to have. It also provides valuable lessons for strengthening the role of ward committees.
Good governance in municipalities is essential for service delivery. Without clear reporting lines, functional accountability mechanisms and a clear separation of politics from administration, municipalities do not stand a chance at delivering on their mandate to communities. This research paper examines the practice of governance in municipalities. More than 30 interviews were conducted to establish how councillors relate to officials, how political parties relate to municipalities and how municipal office-bearers relate to one another. The picture it paints is bleak.
Outside the eight metropolitan municipalities, South Africa's local government system comprises two tiers, namely district and local municipalities. Even where the context suggests that there is potential for the district system to work in rural areas, the instances of success are limited. A key problem is the often dysfunctional relationship between district councils and local councils. This 2008 paper explores options for the restructuring of the political structure of district municipalities.
This 2007 paper discusses the mismatch between the developmental mandate of South African municipalities and their functions as per the Constitution. It suggests criteria for decentralisation to local government and argues that the housing functions should be decentralised to local government.
This 2006 study, conducted a year after the Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act of 2005 (IRFA) came into operation, evaluates the extent to which provinces complied with the Act and what progress had been made in pursuing the goals of the IRFA.
In 2006, the Democratic Alliance took control of the City of Cape Town after winning the election and putting together an unlikely coalition. Shortly thereafter, the ANC-led provincial government announced its intention to change the City's governance structure from an executive mayor system to an executive committee system. This would have forced the City to adopt an executive inclusive of the ANC. This sparked an intergovernmental dispute, the details of which are discussed in this paper.
This 2006 paper discusses the Code of Conduct for Councillors, which was adopted as part of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000. The paper analyses how the Code of Conduct can be enforced and sets out the role of the speaker, council and the MEC for local government. It also presents a case study of an instance in which these instruments to enforce ethical conduct were invoked. Lastly, it proposes a way forward to improving the enforcement of the Code of Conduct.
This 2006 report discusses the state of intergovernmental relations with a focus on IGR within provinces, i.e. provincial-local IGR. It assesses compliance with the Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act 13 of 20015 by looking at both procedural and substantive compliance, examines district-local IGR and presents a number of developments in the Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga.
This edited volume contains a collection of papers dealing with the realisation of the right of access to water in South Africa and the Netherlands. The papers were presented at a Colloquium held at Utrecht University in 2005. Bas de Gaay Fortmann presents an international human rights framework for safe water. Jaap de Visser compares water delivery in South Africa and the Netherlands. Christopher Mbazira examines the privatisation and commodification of water delivery in South Africa. Victoria Johnson discusses the complexities of outsourcing basis services in South Africa. Tobias Schmitz analyses the establishment of Johannesburg Water and Bert Raven (et al) present a case study of the implementation of the South African Water Act.
This 2001 paper sets out the roles and responsibilities of the municipal manager. It looks at the municipal manager's duties in relation to the council and to the public and also examines the manager's responsibilities with respect to integrated development planning and performance management.
What are a municipality's powers to make law? What are the limits set in the Bill of Rights? And what are some of the basic procedures for the adoption of a by-law? This manual set out the basic rules and procedures surrounding the adoption of by-laws by municipalities in South Africa.